|First appearance||Pac-Man (1980)|
|Voiced by||(see below)|
Shadow (Blinky), Speedy (Pinky), Bashful (Inky) and Pokey (Clyde) are the primary group of fictional ghosts (Japanese: モンスター monsutā, "monsters") who serve as the main antagonists in the Pac-Man franchise. Several different ghosts have appeared throughout the franchise, aside from the ones in the main aforementioned group.
The enemies in Pac-Man are known variously as "ghosts", "goblins", and "monsters". Creator Toru Iwatani cited Casper the Friendly Ghost or Little Ghost Q-Taro as inspiration for the ghosts. Despite the seemingly random nature of the enemies, their movements are strictly deterministic, which players have used to their advantage. In an interview, Iwatani stated that he had designed each enemy with its own distinct personality in order to keep the game from becoming impossibly difficult or boring to play. More recently, Iwatani described the enemy behaviors in more detail at the 2011 Game Developers Conference. He stated that the red enemy chases Pac-Man, and the pink and blue enemies try to position themselves in front of Pac-Man's mouth. Although he claimed that the orange enemy's behavior is random, the game's code reveals that it actually chases Pac-Man most of the time, but also moves toward the lower-left corner of the maze when it gets too close to Pac-Man.
In the 1982 Pac-Man cartoon, the hero faced five Ghosts — four males wearing various styles of hats, and a female ghost named Sue, who wore earrings. The Ghost Monsters work for Mezmaron, who assigns them the job of finding the Power Pellet Forest.
Hal Erickson writes, "The battle of Pac-Man vs. Ghost Monsters would have to address the issue of the original arcade game's 'cannibalism' somewhere along the line; after all, the basic appeal of Pac-Man was the indiscriminate ingestion of his foes. This was handled with such nonviolent dexterity that Hanna-Barbera could have written a textbook for Action for Children's Television on the subject. Pac-Man only chomped the Ghost Monsters when defending his loved ones or the Power Forest (as opposed to the videogame, where the lead character was on the offensive), and once chomped, the Ghost Monsters merely disappeared temporarily, re-emerging unscathed after picking up new shrouds from Mezmaron's wardrobe closet."
In the 2013 TV series Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures, the four ghosts come from the Netherworld. Though they are ruled by Lord Betrayus, they are actually good-natured spirits and often supply Pac-Man with information about Lord Betrayus' plots, while ensuring Betrayus does not catch them in the act. It is also suggested that they could be reunited with their bodies and brought back to life, though their 'living' forms are unknown. There were also some Ghosts that were exclusive to the TV series like Cyclops Ghosts (a race of heavyset, horned Ghosts with one eye), Fire Ghosts (a race of orange Ghosts who can emit fire from their body), Tentacle Ghosts (a race of 4-eyed purple-black Ghosts who look similar to jellyfish), Guardian Ghosts (a race of large Ghosts who guard the Netherworld), and Aqua Ghosts (a race of light blue Ghosts with fins on their head).
Below is the description of each Ghost.
|Color||Pac-Man (1980)||Pac-Man (Present)|
|Red||Oikake (追いかけ)||Chaser||Akabei (赤ベイ)||Red guy||Urchin||Macky||Shadow||Blinky|
|Pink||Machibuse (待ち伏せ)||Ambusher||Pinkī (ピンキー)||Pinky||Romp||Micky||Speedy||Pinky|
|Cyan||Kimagure (気まぐれ)||Fickle||Aosuke (青助)||Blue guy||Stylist||Mucky||Bashful||Inky|
|Orange||Otoboke (お惚け)||Feigned Ignorance||Guzuta (愚図た)||Slow guy||Crybaby||Mocky||Pokey||Clyde|
Blinky, whose real name is listed as Shadow, is a red Ghost who, in the original arcade game, follows behind Pac-Man. He is typically portrayed as the leader of the Ghosts, therefore making him the true main antagonist of the series, and by extension, Pac-Man's archenemy. In the Pac-Man cartoon, Blinky (voiced by Chuck McCann) is slow-witted and cowardly with grammar problems. In Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures, Blinky (voiced by Ian James Corlett in the TV series and by Lucien Dodge in the video games) is the default leader of the Ghost Gang Family and tends to help the winning side. Blinky receives a speed boost after a number of pac-pellets have been cleared. This mode has been informally referred to as "Cruise Elroy", but in the original Japanese design documents is referred to as "spurt" mode.
Pinky, whose real name is listed as Speedy, is a pink female Ghost who, in the original arcade game, uses ambush tactics to position herself in front of Pac-Man to surround him. In the Pac-Man cartoon, Pinky (voiced by Chuck McCann) is depicted as a male dim-witted shapeshifter. In recent games, and Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures, Pinky (voiced by Ashleigh Ball in the TV series and by Julia Kliewer in the video games) is depicted as a female once again with a crush on Pac-Man, which often puts her at odds with Cylindria. While her real name is Speedy, she is not the fastest Ghost as Blinky can move faster than her.
Inky, whose real name is listed as Bashful, is a cyan Ghost who, in the original arcade game, has a fickle mood. He can be unpredictable. Sometimes he chases Pac-Man aggressively like Blinky; other times he jumps ahead of Pac-Man as Pinky would. He might even wander off like Clyde on occasion. In the Pac-Man cartoon, Inky (voiced by Barry Gordon) is depicted as dim and loony. In Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures, Inky (voiced by Lee Tockar in the TV series and by Bryce Papenbrook in the video games) is the second oldest member. Though the smartest, he lacks focus most of the time. In Pac-Man, Inky likes to appear in front of Pac-Man's face.
Clyde, whose real name is listed as Pokey, is an orange Ghost who, in the original arcade game, will act stupid. He will chase after Pac-Man in Blinky's manner but will wander off to his home corner when he gets too close. In Ms. Pac-Man, this Ghost is named Sue, and in Jr. Pac-Man, this Ghost is named Tim. In the animated series, Clyde (voiced by Neil Ross) is the leader of the group. In recent games and Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures, Clyde (voiced by Brian Drummond in the TV series and by Orion Acaba in the video games) is depicted as a large ghost who is simple, but not unintelligent and has an appetite equal to Pac-Man's. He lacks the devious natures of his brothers and sister and is considerate towards others.
With the release of further Pac-Man games, more Ghosts have been added.
- Sue – the female counterpart of Clyde in Ms. Pac-Man, entirely identical to him. In the Hanna-Barbera Pac-Man animated series, Sue (voiced by Susan Silo) is featured as Clyde's second-in-command and is recolored purple. She also appears in Pac-Land and Pac-Mania, still purple and wearing mascara and eyeshadow, greatly resembling her cartoon counterpart.
- Tim – an orange Ghost who appeared as Clyde's replacement in Jr. Pac-Man. Later reappeared in "The Sandbox Evolution" with a tan color.
- Yum-Yum – the female red Ghost who debuted in Jr. Pac-Man. She is a relative of Blinky and has a romantic relationship with Jr. Pac-Man. Yum-Yum appears exclusively in Jr. Pac-Man's cutscenes.
- Funky – a jumping green Ghost who debuted in the game Pac-Mania. Tends to stay near Sue and jumps lower than Pac-Man. Funky and Spunky only jump in the worlds of Sandbox Land and Jungly Steps.
- Spunky – a jumping dark gray Ghost who debuted in Pac-Mania. Jumps just as high as Pac-Man. Recolored black in some home console remakes/ports. Has recently been depicted in games as a "sleeping ghost".
- Kinky – the golden yellow Ghost who appeared only in Pac-Man Arrangement. Also called Kinzo, Kinky is the scientist of the Ghosts who has the ability to combine with other Ghosts. When he combines with Blinky (mistakenly referred to as Clyde), Kinky becomes a bull-like Ghost named Urchin, who can charge after Pac-Man. When he combines with Inky, Kinky's glasses appear on Inky's body and grant this new combined Ghost (named Stylist) the ability to split in two. The stylist's reflection will mirror his movements on the other half of the map (about the vertical axis). When Kinky combines with Pinky, the resulting Ghost is rabbit-like and named Romp. Romp can hop to any part of the map, usually very close to Pac-Man's position. The combination of Kinky and Clyde (mistakenly referred to as Blinky) results in Crybaby, a bigger and chubbier version of him who adds 20-point Pac-Dots anywhere in the maze.
- Orson / Toc-Man – a greenish-gray intellectual Ghost who initially appears as the main antagonist of Pac-Man World under the alias of Toc-Man the robot, mocking Pac-Man. In Pac-Man World 3, Orson has reformed and is now an ally of Pac-Man.
- Spooky – a dark gray Ghost in gray armor who is the King of the Ghosts in ancient times until he was sealed under the Golden Fruit Tree in Pac Village by Sir Pac-A-Lot. Spooky is the main antagonist of Pac-Man World 2.
- Wandy – a white Ghost and wizard who appeared as the antagonist of Pac-Man All-Stars. He kidnaps the fairies of Pac-Land to prevent them from creating more power pellets.
- Lord Betrayus (full name: Betrayus Sneakerus Spheros) – a black and white Ghost who is once a general of an army in Pac-World and the brother of President Spheros in the Pac-Man TV series. Soon later after he died, he became the supreme ruler of the Netherworld and of all Ghosts and Monsters. He acts as the main antagonist of Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures and its video game adaptions. His primary goal is to steal the Power Berries and take over Pac-World to rule it with an iron fist. He is currently voiced by Samuel Vincent.
- Butt-ler – Betrayus' long-suffering personal servant and butler who appears in Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures. He is a purplish-gray Ghost with a butt-shaped head, topped with a dapper black hat. He's always loyal to his master. He will take some small satisfaction seeing Betrayus fall flat on his face.
- Dr. Buttocks – the Netherworld's greatest mad scientist and Butt-ler's twin brother who also has a butt-shaped head, but is light blue, has a cybernetic right hand, wears glasses, and speaks with a German accent. Sometimes, he doesn't like Butt-ler. Dr. Buttocks specializes in monster experimentation in hopes of achieving Pac-World domination. He sometimes suspects that the Ghost Gang is working with Pac-Man, but has had no luck convincing Betrayus of this since he usually blames him or his brother for his failures and sometimes tortures him for fun. He wants all of the workers to get out of his way.
- Chuck McCann in the television series
- Martin Sherman in Pac-Man World 3
- Ian James Corlett in Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures TV series
- Lucien Dodge in Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures video games
- Barry Gordon in the television series
- Stuart Milligan in Pac-Man World 3
- Lee Tockar in Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures TV series
- Bryce Papenbrook in Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures video games
- Chuck McCann in the television series
- Mindy Lee Raskin in Pac-Man World 3
- Ashleigh Ball in Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures TV series
- Julie Maddalena in Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures video games
- Neil Ross in the television series
- John Guerrasio in Pac-Man World 3
- Kevin Deters in Wreck-It Ralph
- Brian Drummond in Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures TV series
- Orion Acaba in Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures video games
- Susan Silo in the television series
- Kazuhiro Fusegawa in Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures
- Mai Tōdō in Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures
- Kiyono Yasuno in Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures
- Yutaka Nakano in Wreck-It Ralph
- Kunpei Sakamoto in Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures
In popular culture
- In the Tiny Toon Adventures episode "Gang Busters", Buster Bunny and Plucky Duck play Pac-Man using their eyeballs as the characters. Buster plays as the ghosts.
- The Ghosts appear in The Simpsons episode "Homer and Ned's Hail Mary Pass", where they are seen at Pac-Man's wedding. They also appear in the episode "I Married Marge", where Mr. Burns was playing Ms. Pac-Man and laughs when he eats the ghosts.
- The Ghosts appear in the Family Guy episode "Stuck Together, Torn Apart", attempting to lift the spirits of a depressed, recently dumped Pac-Man, and in the episode "Meet the Quagmires", seen in the game Menstrual Ms. Pac-Man.
- The Ghosts appear in the Annoying Orange episodes "Pac-Mania", "TV OF TERROR", and "Annoying Orange vs. Ms. Pac-Man".
- In the Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends episode "Duchess of Wails", Duchess calls Mac and Bloo "Blinky and Clyde" in one scene.
- Blinky, Inky, Pinky, and Clyde appear in Wreck-It Ralph. While Blinky, Inky, and Pinky appear in Game Central Station, Clyde (voiced by Kevin Deters) is shown to be the head of Bad-Anon (a support group for video game villains) where the members have been meeting in the Pac-Man game once a week. When Wreck-It Ralph comments on how he does not want to be a villain anymore, Clyde is among the villains who would react to this. When Ralph states he gets no respect from the other video game characters, Clyde understands how he feels but says that he will have to accept who he is.
- Blinky, Inky, Pinky, and Clyde also appear in the sequel Ralph Breaks the Internet.
- The Ghosts appear in the MAD segment "Diary of a Wimpy Kid Icarus", where they were shown chasing Pac-Man, and in the segment "ParaMorgan", where they were shown with other popular fictional ghosts.
- The Ghosts appear in secret levels in Wolfenstein 3D.
- The Ghosts appeared in Abobo's Big Adventure as enemies on Contra Bobo. When Abobo hits them, they will turn blue and when Abobo hits scared ghosts, they will die with their eyes running offscreen.
- The Ghosts appear in Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS and Wii U and Super Smash Bros. Ultimate. Pac-Man uses them for his Smash attacks and they can also be summoned through an Assist Trophy. The Ghosts also wander in the Pac-Maze stage found in the 3DS version. They deal damage upon contact with other fighters and can be eaten by those who got a Power Pellet.
- In Pixels, four Mini-Cooper cars played as the ghosts against a large pixelated vision of Pac-Man, created by aliens. They are the same colors as the ghosts and have license plates with their names. They are used by the main characters and the creator of Pac-Man.
- Pac-Man, The Arcade Flyer Archive, 1980, archived from the original on August 10, 2007, retrieved May 23, 2012
- "What is Pacman?". Pacman.com. Namco. Archived from the original on 2010-11-28. Retrieved July 14, 2010.
- Martijn Müller (June 3, 2010). "Pac-Man wereldrecord beklonken en het hele verhaal" (in Dutch). NG-Gamer. Archived from the original on 2012-02-27.
- Kohler, Chris. "Q&A: Pac-Man Creator Reflects on 30 Years of Dot-Eating | Game|Life". Wired.com. Retrieved 2012-07-23.
- Mateas, Michael (2003). "Expressive AI: Games and Artificial Intelligence" (PDF). Proceedings of Level Up: Digital Games Research Conference, Utrecht, Netherlands. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-05-14. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- "News Headlines". Cnbc.com. March 3, 2011. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
- October 7, Jatzio; Am, 2015 10:51 (2015-10-01). "How Do the Ghosts in PAC-MAN Decide Where to Go?". Today I Found Out. Retrieved 2021-04-18.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- Erickson, Hal (2005). Television Cartoon Shows: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 1949 Through 2003 (2nd ed.). McFarland & Co. p. 601. ISBN 978-1476665993.
- Ashley Davis. "Blinky, Inky, Pinky, and Clyde: A small onomastic study". Destructoid.
- DeMaria, Rusel; Wilson, Johnny L. (December 18, 2003). High Score!: The Illustrated History of Electronic Games (2nd ed.). McGraw-Hill Osborne Media. ISBN 0-07-222428-2.
- "The 1983 Ms. Pacman Bozeman Montana Think Tank". spyhunter007.com.
- "The Pac-Man Dossier". www.gamasutra.com. Retrieved 2019-02-20.
- "Blinky, Inky, Pinky, and Clyde: A small onomastic study". www.destructoid.com. Retrieved 2019-02-20.
- "Blinky Voices (Pac-Man)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved 7 February 2021. A green check mark indicates that a role has been confirmed using a screenshot (or collage of screenshots) of a title's list of voice actors and their respective characters found in its opening and/or closing credits and/or other reliable sources of information.CS1 maint: postscript (link)
- Monkey Bar Games. Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures. Namco Bandai Games. Scene: Ending credits, 10:27 in, English Voice Talent.
- "Inky Voices (Pac-Man)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved 7 February 2021. A green check mark indicates that a role has been confirmed using a screenshot (or collage of screenshots) of a title's list of voice actors and their respective characters found in its opening and/or closing credits and/or other reliable sources of information.CS1 maint: postscript (link)
- "Pinky Voices (Pac-Man)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved 7 February 2021. A green check mark indicates that a role has been confirmed using a screenshot (or collage of screenshots) of a title's list of voice actors and their respective characters found in its opening and/or closing credits and/or other reliable sources of information.CS1 maint: postscript (link)
- "Clyde Voices (Pac-Man)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved 7 February 2021. A green check mark indicates that a role has been confirmed using a screenshot (or collage of screenshots) of a title's list of voice actors and their respective characters found in its opening and/or closing credits and/or other reliable sources of information.CS1 maint: postscript (link)
- Monkey Bar Games. Pac-Man and the Ghostly Adventures. Namco Bandai Games. Scene: Ending credits, 10:28 in, English Voice Talent.